the idea is: if both characters are same, then pass the dp[i-1][j-1] since no more deletion are needed; if not, dp[i][j] should be the minimum of previous two: delete from word1 or delete from word2, plus the current deletion 1.

```
public class Solution {
public int minDistance(String word1, String word2) {
int m = word1.length(), n = word2.length();
int[][] dp = new int[m + 1][n + 1];
for (int i = 1; i <= m; i++) {
dp[i][0] = i;
}
for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++) {
dp[0][j] = j;
}
for (int i = 1; i <= m; i++) {
for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++) {
if (word1.charAt(i - 1) == word2.charAt(j - 1)) {
dp[i][j] = dp[i - 1][j - 1];
} else {
dp[i][j] = Math.min(dp[i - 1][j], dp[i][j - 1]) + 1;
}
}
}
return dp[m][n];
}
}
```