The first time win over 100%. Basic idea is using subfunctions for 3sum and 2sum, and keeping throwing all impossible cases. O(n^3) time complexity, O(1) extra space complexity.

```
public List<List<Integer>> fourSum(int[] nums, int target) {
ArrayList<List<Integer>> res = new ArrayList<List<Integer>>();
int len = nums.length;
if (nums == null || len < 4)
return res;
Arrays.sort(nums);
int max = nums[len - 1];
if (4 * nums[0] > target || 4 * max < target)
return res;
int i, z;
for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
z = nums[i];
if (i > 0 && z == nums[i - 1])// avoid duplicate
continue;
if (z + 3 * max < target) // z is too small
continue;
if (4 * z > target) // z is too large
break;
if (4 * z == target) { // z is the boundary
if (i + 3 < len && nums[i + 3] == z)
res.add(Arrays.asList(z, z, z, z));
break;
}
threeSumForFourSum(nums, target - z, i + 1, len - 1, res, z);
}
return res;
}
/*
* Find all possible distinguished three numbers adding up to the target
* in sorted array nums[] between indices low and high. If there are,
* add all of them into the ArrayList fourSumList, using
* fourSumList.add(Arrays.asList(z1, the three numbers))
*/
public void threeSumForFourSum(int[] nums, int target, int low, int high, ArrayList<List<Integer>> fourSumList,
int z1) {
if (low + 1 >= high)
return;
int max = nums[high];
if (3 * nums[low] > target || 3 * max < target)
return;
int i, z;
for (i = low; i < high - 1; i++) {
z = nums[i];
if (i > low && z == nums[i - 1]) // avoid duplicate
continue;
if (z + 2 * max < target) // z is too small
continue;
if (3 * z > target) // z is too large
break;
if (3 * z == target) { // z is the boundary
if (i + 1 < high && nums[i + 2] == z)
fourSumList.add(Arrays.asList(z1, z, z, z));
break;
}
twoSumForFourSum(nums, target - z, i + 1, high, fourSumList, z1, z);
}
}
/*
* Find all possible distinguished two numbers adding up to the target
* in sorted array nums[] between indices low and high. If there are,
* add all of them into the ArrayList fourSumList, using
* fourSumList.add(Arrays.asList(z1, z2, the two numbers))
*/
public void twoSumForFourSum(int[] nums, int target, int low, int high, ArrayList<List<Integer>> fourSumList,
int z1, int z2) {
if (low >= high)
return;
if (2 * nums[low] > target || 2 * nums[high] < target)
return;
int i = low, j = high, sum, x;
while (i < j) {
sum = nums[i] + nums[j];
if (sum == target) {
fourSumList.add(Arrays.asList(z1, z2, nums[i], nums[j]));
x = nums[i];
while (++i < j && x == nums[i]) // avoid duplicate
;
x = nums[j];
while (i < --j && x == nums[j]) // avoid duplicate
;
}
if (sum < target)
i++;
if (sum > target)
j--;
}
return;
}
```