Push all gates into queue first. Then for each gate update its neighbor cells and push them to the queue.

Repeating above steps until there is nothing left in the queue.

```
public class Solution {
public void wallsAndGates(int[][] rooms) {
if (rooms.length == 0 || rooms[0].length == 0) return;
Queue<int[]> queue = new LinkedList<>();
for (int i = 0; i < rooms.length; i++) {
for (int j = 0; j < rooms[0].length; j++) {
if (rooms[i][j] == 0) queue.add(new int[]{i, j});
}
}
while (!queue.isEmpty()) {
int[] top = queue.remove();
int row = top[0], col = top[1];
if (row > 0 && rooms[row - 1][col] == Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
rooms[row - 1][col] = rooms[row][col] + 1;
queue.add(new int[]{row - 1, col});
}
if (row < rooms.length - 1 && rooms[row + 1][col] == Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
rooms[row + 1][col] = rooms[row][col] + 1;
queue.add(new int[]{row + 1, col});
}
if (col > 0 && rooms[row][col - 1] == Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
rooms[row][col - 1] = rooms[row][col] + 1;
queue.add(new int[]{row, col - 1});
}
if (col < rooms[0].length - 1 && rooms[row][col + 1] == Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
rooms[row][col + 1] = rooms[row][col] + 1;
queue.add(new int[]{row, col + 1});
}
}
}
}
```