4-lines 4ms C++ Solution with Explanations


  • 23

    Well, to compute the number of trailing zeros, we need to first think clear about what will generate a trailing 0? Obviously, a number multiplied by 10 will have a trailing 0 added to it. So we only need to find out how many 10's will appear in the expression of the factorial. Since 10 = 2 * 5 and there are a bunch more 2's (each even number will contribute at least one 2), we only need to count the number of 5's.

    Now let's see what numbers will contribute a 5. Well, simply the multiples of 5, like 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, .... So is the result simply n / 5? Well, not that easy. Notice that some numbers may contribute more than one 5, like 25 = 5 * 5. Well, what numbers will contribute more than one 5? Ok, you may notice that only multiples of the power of 5 will contribute more than one 5. For example, multiples of 25 will contribute at least two 5's.

    Well, how to count them all? If you try some examples, you may finally get the result, which is n / 5 + n / 25 + n / 125 + .... The idea behind this expression is: all the multiples of 5 will contribute one 5, the multiples of 25 will contribute one more 5 and the multiples of 125 will contribute another one more 5... and so on. Now, we can write down the following code, which is pretty short.

    class Solution {
    public:
        int trailingZeroes(int n) { 
            int count = 0;
            for (long long i = 5; n / i; i *= 5)
                count += n / i;
            return count;
        }
    };

  • 1
    class Solution {  
    public:  
        int trailingZeroes(int n) {
            int zeros = 0;
            while (n) zeros += n /= 5;
            return zeros;
        }
    };

  • 1

    Hi, prime_tang. Your code is more concise :-)


Log in to reply
 

Looks like your connection to LeetCode Discuss was lost, please wait while we try to reconnect.